Biophysical and biochemical characterization of the intrinsic fluorescence from neurofibrillary tangles.

TitleBiophysical and biochemical characterization of the intrinsic fluorescence from neurofibrillary tangles.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
JournalNeurobiology of aging
Volume27
Issue6
Pagination823-30
Date Published2006 Jun
ISSN0197-4580
AbstractRecently, we developed a novel fluorescent method named intrinsic fluorescence induction that allows direct visualization of neurofibrillary pathology without introducing exogenous chromogens. In the present study, we further characterized the properties of this novel red fluorescence biophysically, biochemically, and neuropathologically. In vitro spectrofluorometry and in situ emission scan show that the intrinsic fluorescence of neurofibrillary tangles has a long emission wavelength peak at 620 nm and a large Stoke's shift of 70 nm. Dephosphorylation of Alzheimer's disease brain sections with alkaline phosphatase or denaturation with guanidine only causes a subtle reduction in the induced fluorescence of neurofibrillary tangles, while hydrofluoric acid or formic acid completely eliminates the fluorescence. Chemical modification of residue serine, but not tyrosine or tryptophan, reduced the intensity of induced fluorescence significantly. The induced fluorophore, thus, has unique properties, and its generation likely depends on the particular conformation of paired helical filaments, which may in turn depend on tau hyperphosphorylation.
URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0197-4580(05)00097-7
DOI10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2005.04.005
PubMed Linkhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15946772?dopt=Abstract
Short TitleNeurobiol Aging