Calpain 1 and Calpastatin expression is developmentally regulated in rat brain.

TitleCalpain 1 and Calpastatin expression is developmentally regulated in rat brain.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
JournalExperimental neurology
Date Published2009 Dec
AbstractCalpains and caspases are cysteine endopeptidases which share many similar substrates. Caspases are essential for caspase-dependent apoptotic death where calpains may play an augmentive role, while calpains are strongly implicated in necrotic cell death morphologies. Previous studies have demonstrated a down-regulation in the expression of many components of the caspase-dependent cell death pathway during CNS development. We therefore sought to determine if there is a corresponding upregulation of calpains. The major CNS calpains are the mu-and m-isoforms, composed of the unique 80 kDa calpain 1 and 2 subunits, respectively, and the shared 28 kDa small subunit. In rat brain, relative protein and mRNA levels of calpain 1, calpain 2, caspase 3, and the endogenous calpain inhibitor-calpastatin, were evaluated using western blot and real-time RT-PCR. The developmental time points examined ranged from embryonic day 18 until postnatal day 90. Calpain 1 and calpastatin protein and mRNA levels were low at early developmental time points and increased dramatically by P30. Conversely, caspase-3 expression was greatest at E18, and was rapidly downregulated by P30. Calpain 2 protein and mRNA levels were relatively constant throughout the E18-P90 age range examined. The inverse relationship of calpain 1 and caspase 3 levels during CNS development is consistent with the shift from caspase-dependent to caspase-independent cell death mechanisms following CNS injury in neonatal vs. adult rat brain.
PubMed Link
Short TitleExp Neurol