HMGA1 co-activates transcription in B cells through indirect association with DNA.

TitleHMGA1 co-activates transcription in B cells through indirect association with DNA.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Date Published2003 Oct 24
AbstractThe immunoglobulin heavy chain enhancer, or mu enhancer, is required for B cell development. Only the appropriate combination of transcription factors results in B cell-specific enhancer activation. HMGA1 (formerly (HMG-I(Y)) is a proposed co-activator of the ETS transcription factors required for mu enhancer activity. HMGA1 associates with the ETS factor PU.1, resulting in changes in PU.1 structure, and enhanced transcriptional synergy with Ets-1 on the mu enhancer in nonlymphoid cells. New data show HMGA1 directly interacts with Ets-1 in addition to PU.1. In vitro HMGA1/Ets-1 interaction facilitates Ets-1/mu enhancer binding in the absence of an HMGA1.Ets-1.DNA complex. To address whether HMGA1 is present in the transcriptionally active mu nucleoprotein complex, we completed DNA pull-down assays to detect protein tethering in the context of protein/DNA interaction. Results show that HMGA1 is not tightly associated with mu enhancer DNA through PU.1 or Ets-1, despite strong associations between these proteins in solution. However, chromatin immunoprecipitation assays show HMGA1 associates with the endogenous enhancer in B cells. Furthermore, antisense HMGA1 substantially decreases mu enhancer activity in B cells. Taken together, these data suggest that HMGA1 functions as a transcriptional mu enhancer co-activator in B cells through indirect association with DNA.
PubMed Link
Short TitleJ Biol Chem