Inducible cyclooxygenase-2 expression after experimental intracerebral hemorrhage.

TitleInducible cyclooxygenase-2 expression after experimental intracerebral hemorrhage.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
JournalBrain research
Date Published2001 May 18
AbstractCyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an inducible isoform of cyclooxygenase, which catalyzes the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins and thromboxane. Recent evidence suggests it has a pathological role in cerebral insults, but its involvement in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is unknown. The present study investigates the temporal and anatomic distribution of COX-2 as well as the effect of the selective COX-2 inhibitor NS-398 on brain edema formation and cerebral blood flow in a rat model of ICH. Immunohistochemistry for COX-2 was performed in control rats and 6 h, as well as 1, 3, 7 and 10 days after the injection of 100 microl autologous blood into the right basal ganglia. Double-labeling immunohistochemistry was used to determine the type of COX-2 immunoreactive microvascular-associated cells. Western blot analysis was used to quantify COX-2 protein. The effect of NS-398 on brain water content, ion concentration and cerebral blood flow were assessed 24 h after ICH. The results demonstrated that COX-2 protein was expressed in control brain tissue and induced significantly in the ipsilateral hemisphere at 6 h, as well as 1 and 3 days after ICH. Increased staining of COX-2 in neurons was observed around the blood clot with a peak at 6 h. COX-2 was induced in endothelial cells, perivascular cells as well as infiltrating leukocytes 1 day after ICH. Brain water and ion contents and cerebral blood flow were unaffected by NS-398 administration. Thus, although COX-2 expression was increased in the ipsilateral hemisphere after an autologous blood injection, its products do not appear to be major regulators of blood flow or edema formation following ICH.
PubMed Link
Short TitleBrain Res