Inducible cyclooxygenase-2 expression after experimental intracerebral hemorrhage.

TitleInducible cyclooxygenase-2 expression after experimental intracerebral hemorrhage.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
JournalBrain research
Volume901
Issue1-2
Pagination38-46
Date Published2001 May 18
ISSN0006-8993
AbstractCyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is an inducible isoform of cyclooxygenase, which catalyzes the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins and thromboxane. Recent evidence suggests it has a pathological role in cerebral insults, but its involvement in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is unknown. The present study investigates the temporal and anatomic distribution of COX-2 as well as the effect of the selective COX-2 inhibitor NS-398 on brain edema formation and cerebral blood flow in a rat model of ICH. Immunohistochemistry for COX-2 was performed in control rats and 6 h, as well as 1, 3, 7 and 10 days after the injection of 100 microl autologous blood into the right basal ganglia. Double-labeling immunohistochemistry was used to determine the type of COX-2 immunoreactive microvascular-associated cells. Western blot analysis was used to quantify COX-2 protein. The effect of NS-398 on brain water content, ion concentration and cerebral blood flow were assessed 24 h after ICH. The results demonstrated that COX-2 protein was expressed in control brain tissue and induced significantly in the ipsilateral hemisphere at 6 h, as well as 1 and 3 days after ICH. Increased staining of COX-2 in neurons was observed around the blood clot with a peak at 6 h. COX-2 was induced in endothelial cells, perivascular cells as well as infiltrating leukocytes 1 day after ICH. Brain water and ion contents and cerebral blood flow were unaffected by NS-398 administration. Thus, although COX-2 expression was increased in the ipsilateral hemisphere after an autologous blood injection, its products do not appear to be major regulators of blood flow or edema formation following ICH.
URLhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006-8993(01)02186-2
PubMed Linkhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11368948?dopt=Abstract
Short TitleBrain Res