Inhibition of fatty acid synthase attenuates CD44-associated signaling and reduces metastasis in colorectal cancer.

TitleInhibition of fatty acid synthase attenuates CD44-associated signaling and reduces metastasis in colorectal cancer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
JournalCancer research
Volume72
Issue6
Pagination1504-17
Date Published2012 Mar 15
ISSN0008-5472
AbstractFatty acid synthase (FASN) and ATP-citrate lyase, key enzymes of de novo lipogenesis, are significantly upregulated and activated in many cancers and portend poor prognosis. Even though the role of lipogenesis in providing proliferative and survival advantages to cancer cells has been described, the impact of aberrant activation of lipogenic enzymes on cancer progression remains unknown. In this study, we found that elevated expression of FASN is associated with advanced stages of colorectal cancer (CRC) and liver metastasis, suggesting that it may play a role in progression of CRC to metastatic disease. Targeted inhibition of lipogenic enzymes abolished expression of CD44, a transmembrane protein associated with metastases in several cancers including CRC. In addition, inhibition of lipogenic enzymes and reduced expression of CD44 attenuated the activation of MET, Akt, FAK, and paxillin, which are known to regulate adhesion, migration, and invasion. These changes were consistent with an observed decrease in migration and adhesion of CRC cells in functional assays and with reorganization of actin cytoskeleton upon FASN inhibition. Despite the modest effect of FASN inhibition on tumor growth in xenografts, attenuation of lipogenesis completely abolished establishment of hepatic metastasis and formation of secondary metastasis. Together, our findings suggest that targeting de novo lipogenesis may be a potential treatment strategy for advanced CRC.
URLhttp://cancerres.aacrjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=22266115
DOI10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-4057
PubMed Linkhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22266115?dopt=Abstract
Short TitleCancer Res