A novel fluorescent method for direct visualization of neurofibrillary pathology in Alzheimer's disease.

TitleA novel fluorescent method for direct visualization of neurofibrillary pathology in Alzheimer's disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
JournalJournal of neuroscience methods
Date Published2001 Oct 15
AbstractMethods currently available for detecting neurofibrillary pathology are indirect and depend on staining with exogenous chemicals or antibodies. In the present study, we report a novel method named intrinsic fluorescence induction (IFI), which allows direct visualization of neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs), neuropil threads (NTs), and neuritic plaques (NPs) in tissue sections of Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain. The IFI method is based on both induction of a red intrinsic fluorescence and quenching red background autofluorescence. The IFI procedure includes sustained hydrophobic treatment, protein secondary structure enhancement and incubation in high concentration of phosphate buffer. Following this procedure, a unique red fluorescence is generated from the structures of NFTs, NTs, and NPs in brain sections from AD patients. Sequential application of mild permanganate oxidation and 1% sodium borohydride selectively removes the red background autofluorescence, while the latter enhances the intrinsic fluorescence of neurofibrillary pathology. Comparative studies reveal that the IFI method is as sensitive as Gallyas silver staining, and more sensitive than Bielschowsky silver staining or PHF-1 immunostaining in detecting NFTs in the pre-alpha layer of entorhinal cortex and the pri-alpha layer of the entorhinal/transentorhinal cortex. Furthermore, the IFI method is sensitive in displaying plaque neurites and threads, but not NFTs in the hippocampus. This novel finding provides a direct method for detecting neurofibrillary pathology in particular regions of AD brain and a novel tool for AD research.
PubMed Linkhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11574116?dopt=Abstract
Short TitleJ Neurosci Methods