Type I PDZ ligands are sufficient to promote rapid recycling of G Protein-coupled receptors independent of binding to N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor.

TitleType I PDZ ligands are sufficient to promote rapid recycling of G Protein-coupled receptors independent of binding to N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
JournalThe Journal of biological chemistry
Volume280
Issue5
Pagination3305-13
Date Published2005 Feb 4
ISSN0021-9258
AbstractMolecular sorting of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) between divergent recycling and lysosomal pathways determines the functional consequences of agonist-induced endocytosis. The carboxyl-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the beta2 adrenergic receptor (beta2AR) mediates both PDZ binding to Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor/ezrin/radixin/moesin-binding phosphoprotein of 50 kDa (NHERF/EBP50) family proteins and non-PDZ binding to the N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor (NSF). We have investigated whether PDZ interaction(s) are actually sufficient to promote rapid recycling of endocytosed receptors and, if so, whether PDZ-mediated sorting is restricted to the beta2AR tail or to sequences that bind NHERF/EBP50. The trafficking effects of short (10 residue) sequences differing in PDZ and NSF binding properties were examined using chimeric mutant receptors. The recycling activity of the beta2AR-derived tail sequence was not blocked by a point mutation that selectively disrupts binding to NSF, and naturally occurring PDZ ligand sequences were identified that do not bind detectably to NSF yet function as strong recycling signals. The carboxyl-terminal cytoplasmic domain of the beta1-adrenergic receptor, which does not bind either to NSF or NHERF/EBP50 and interacts selectively with a distinct group of PDZ proteins, promoted rapid recycling of chimeric mutant receptors with efficiency similarly high as that of the beta2AR tail. These results indicate that PDZ domain-mediated protein interactions are sufficient to promote rapid recycling of GPCRs, independent of binding to NSF. They also suggest that PDZ-directed recycling is a rather general mechanism of GPCR regulation, which is not restricted to a single GPCR, and may involve additional PDZ domain-containing protein(s) besides NHERF/EBP50.
URLhttp://www.jbc.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=15548537
DOI10.1074/jbc.M406934200
PubMed Linkhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15548537?dopt=Abstract
Short TitleJ Biol Chem