John Scott Roth, MD, FACS

Bio / Education: 

Medical School
Medical College of Virginia

University of Kentucky

Minimally Invasive Surgery
University of Kentucky

Board Certification
American Board of Surgery

Surgical Interests
Minimally invasive surgery
Gastrointestinal surgery

Dr. J. Scott Roth explains minimally invasive surgery and hernia repair on Channel 27, WKYT.

One satisfied patient speaks up.

Dr. J. Scott Roth demonstrates an inguinal hernia repair in a teleconference sponsored by UK Area Health Education Centers (AHECs) and Kentucky Telecare. Over 200 high school students from rural and urban Kentucky were part of the conference and were able to view the surgical procedure live.

Dr. J. ScottRoth Special to the Herald-Leader
posted with permission of the Lexington Herald-Leader
Published on January 1, 2009, Page C6, Lexington Herald-Leader (KY)

Pregnancy Hernias Common
most don't need to be repaired, as surgery has some risks

Pregnancy is full of enough surprises, never mind the addition of a newly discovered bulge protruding from your belly button or groin. One of the most common reasons for an unexpected bulge during pregnancy is the development of a hernia. A hernia is simply a hole in the muscular layer of the abdominal wall, which causes intestinal or fatty tissue within the abdomen to stick out. This can cause pain and, occasionally, intestinal obstruction.

Hernias can occur as a result of any increase in abdominal pressure. While straining and lifting are most commonly associated with hernias, the pressure in your abdomen will undoubtedly increase from a growing fetus.

Hernias do not go away. Once a hernia has formed, it will remain until it has been repaired. However, not all hernias need to be repaired, particularly hernias that are not causing any symptoms. This is particularly true during pregnancy.

Most hernias diagnosed during pregnancy can be treated without surgery and if surgery is necessary in most cases it can be delayed until several months after the baby is born. In many cases, the hernia becomes less painful later in pregnancy due to the uterus blocking the hole in the muscles.

Surgeons should consider the risks of surgery in considering repair. During the first trimester, the likelihood of a miscarriage is increased with an elective operation. During the third trimester, the likelihood of pre-term labor is increased. Elective surgery should only be considered during the second trimester (months 4-6). However, the growing baby and uterus will place increased stretch and strain on the repair and could result in an early recurrence of the hernia. In general, when hernias return, they are larger than they were originally.

In general, hernias are repaired with a soft and pliable material called mesh. Mesh is sewn around the hernia to reinforce the defect in the musculature. While mesh is very strong and is designed to prevent hernias from returning, it will not stretch. If a mesh is placed during pregnancy, it may tear away from the muscles as a result of the growing uterus, resulting in a return of the hernia. This can cause significant discomfort during the remainder of pregnancy.

Minimally invasive surgical techniques can be used to repair most hernias. Three tiny incisions are made, and a small camera is placed inside of the abdomen. Patients undergoing a minimally invasive, or laparoscopic, hernia repair will have less postoperative discomfort and a quicker return to normal activities while avoiding the larger incision associated with a traditional open operation. The long-term outcomes following hernia repair are comparable between traditional open surgery and minimally invasive surgery.

Even with a hernia, a Caesarean section is not usually necessary. Almost all women can safely deliver a baby vaginally. Your obstetrician or midwife can help you throughout the delivery process to ensure that the hernia does not become a problem during delivery.

The development of a hernia during pregnancy is not uncommon. The joy of future motherhood need not be interrupted by the development of this new bulge. By working closely with your obstetrician and hernia surgeon, most hernias will not endanger your well-being or your baby’s.

Dr. J. Scott Roth is an associate professor of surgery and director of the Center for Advanced Training & Simulation (CATS) at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine.

PubMed Publications: 

  • Holihan, J.L.;Askenasy, E.P.;Greenberg, J.A.;Keith, J.N.;Martindale, R.G.;Roth, J.S.;Mo, J.;Ko, T.C.;Kao, L.S.;Liang, M.K. "Component Separation vs. Bridged Repair for Large Ventral Hernias: A Multi-Institutional Risk-Adjusted Comparison, Systematic Review, and Meta-Analysis." Surgical infections 17, 1 (2016): 17-26. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Bondre, I.L.;Holihan, J.L.;Askenasy, E.P.;Greenberg, J.A.;Keith, J.N.;Martindale, R.G.;Roth, J.S.;Liang, M.K.;Ventral Hernia Outcomes, C. "Suture, synthetic, or biologic in contaminated ventral hernia repair." The Journal of surgical research 200, 2 (2016): 488-94. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Johnson, K.C.;Miller, M.T.;Plymale, M.A.;Levy, S.;Davenport, D.L.;Roth, J.S. "Abdominal Wall Reconstruction: A Comparison of Totally Extraperitoneal and Transabdominal Preperitoneal Approaches." Journal of the American College of Surgeons 222, 2 (2016): 159-65. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Bower, C.;Hazey, J.W.;Jones, E.L.;Perry, K.A.;Davenport, D.L.;Roth, J.S. "Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair With a Novel Hernia Mesh Incorporating a Nitinol Alloy Frame Compared With a Standard Lightweight Polypropylene Mesh." Surgical innovation 22, 5 (2015): 508-13. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Goodenough, C.J.;Liang, M.K.;Nguyen, M.T.;Nguyen, D.H.;Holihan, J.L.;Alawadi, Z.M.;Roth, J.S.;Wray, C.J.;Ko, T.C.;Kao, L.S. "Preoperative Glycosylated Hemoglobin and Postoperative Glucose Together Predict Major Complications after Abdominal Surgery." Journal of the American College of Surgeons 221, 4 (2015): 854-61.e1. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Wennergren, J.E.;Plymale, M.;Davenport, D.;Levy, S.;Hazey, J.;Perry, K.A.;Stigall, K.;Roth, J.S. "Quality-of-life scores in laparoscopic preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair." Surgical endoscopy (2015): [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Wennergren, J.E.;Askenasy, E.P.;Greenberg, J.A.;Holihan, J.;Keith, J.;Liang, M.K.;Martindale, R.G.;Trott, S.;Plymale, M.;Roth, J.S. "Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair with primary fascial closure versus bridged repair: a risk-adjusted comparative study." Surgical endoscopy (2015): [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Levy, S.;Plymale, M.A.;Miller, M.T.;Davenport, D.L.;Roth, J.S. "Laparoscopic parastomal hernia repair: No different than a laparoscopic ventral hernia repair?" Surgical endoscopy (2015): [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Tharappel, J.C.;Harris, J.W.;Zwischenberger, B.A.;Levy, S.M.;Puleo, D.A.;Roth, J.S. "Doxycycline shows dose-dependent changes in hernia repair strength after mesh repair." Surgical endoscopy (2015): [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Ward, N.;Roth, J.S.;Lester, C.C.;Mutiso, L.;Lommel, K.M.;Davenport, D.L. "Anxiolytic medication is an independent risk factor for 30-day morbidity or mortality after surgery." Surgery 158, 2 (2015): 420-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Holihan, J.L.;Alawadi, Z.;Martindale, R.G.;Roth, J.S.;Wray, C.J.;Ko, T.C.;Kao, L.S.;Liang, M.K. "Adverse Events after Ventral Hernia Repair: The Vicious Cycle of Complications." Journal of the American College of Surgeons 221, 2 (2015): 478-85. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Roth, J.S.;Brathwaite, C.;Hacker, K.;Fisher, K.;King, J. "Complex ventral hernia repair with a human acellular dermal matrix." Hernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery 19, 2 (2015): 247-52. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Goodenough, C.J.;Ko, T.C.;Kao, L.S.;Nguyen, M.T.;Holihan, J.L.;Alawadi, Z.;Nguyen, D.H.;Flores, J.R.;Arita, N.T.;Roth, J.S.;Liang, M.K. "Development and validation of a risk stratification score for ventral incisional hernia after abdominal surgery: hernia expectation rates in intra-abdominal surgery (the HERNIA Project)." Journal of the American College of Surgeons 220, 4 (2015): 405-13. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Woeste, G.;Juratli, M.A.;Habbe, N.;Hannes, S.;El Youzouri, H.;Bechstein, W.O.;Trombetta, F.;Moscato, R.;Ciamporcero, T.;Ghiglione, F.;Morino, M.;Tahir, S.;Baldjiev, T.;Goshev, G.;Pachoov, N.;Eftimov, E.;Kovachevski, S.;Smirnoff, A.;Roth, J.S.;Wennergren, J.;Plymale, M.A.;Zachem, A.;Davenport, D.L.;Mangiante, G.;Passeri, V.;, G.;Kaufmann, R.;Jairam, A.P.;Mulder, I.M.;Wu, Z.;Verhelst, J.;Vennix, S.;Giessen, L.J.;Jeekel, J.;Lange, J.F.;Di Cerbo, F.;Ikhlawi, K.;Baladov, M.;Agha, A.;Iesalnieks, I.;Franklin, M.;Hernandez, M.;Glass, J.;Glover, M.;Gruber-Blum, S.;Fortelny, R.;May, C.;Glaser, K.;Redl, H.;Petter-Puchner, A.;Grossi, J.;Cavazzola, L.T.;Tezza, S.L.;Nery, L.A.;Zortea, J.;Roll, S.;Gorganchian, F.;Santa Maria, V.;Zuvela, M.;Galun, D.;Petrovic, J.;Micev, M.;Palibrk, I.;Bidzic, N.;Colozzi, S.;Clementi, M.;Cianca, G.;Giuliani, A.;Carlei, F.;Schietroma, M.;Amicucci, G.;Hung, M.C.;Cerasani, N.;Meyer, J.;Bulian, D.R.;Heiss, M.M.;Kocaay, A.F.;Eker, T.;Celik, S.U.;Akyol, C.;Cakmak, A. "Topic: Abdominal Wall Hernia - Abdominal wall closure." Hernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery 19 Suppl 1, (2015): S198-205. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Levy, S.;Plymale, M.;Davenport, D.L.;Moreno Ponte, O.I.;Roth, J.S. "Patient symptoms correlate poorly with objective measures among patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease." The American surgeon 80, 9 (2014): 901-5. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Long, K.L.;Spears, C.;Kenady, D.E.;Roth, J.S. "Implementation of a low-cost laparoscopic skills curriculum in a third-world setting." Journal of surgical education 71, 6 (2014): 860-4. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Tharappel, J.C.;Bower, C.E.;Whittington Harris, J.;Ramineni, S.K.;Puleo, D.A.;Roth, J.S. "Doxycycline administration improves fascial interface in hernia repair." The Journal of surgical research 190, 2 (2014): 692-8. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Tharappel, J.C.;Ramineni, S.K.;Reynolds, D.;Puleo, D.A.;Roth, J.S. "Doxycycline impacts hernia repair outcomes." The Journal of surgical research 184, 1 (2013): 699-704. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Bower, C.;Roth, J.S. "Economics of abdominal wall reconstruction." The Surgical clinics of North America 93, 5 (2013): 1241-53. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Reynolds, D.;Davenport, D.L.;Korosec, R.L.;Roth, J.S. "Financial implications of ventral hernia repair: a hospital cost analysis." Journal of gastrointestinal surgery : official journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract 17, 1 (2013): 159-66; discussion p.166-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Orr, N.T.;Davenport, D.L.;Roth, J.S. "Outcomes of simultaneous laparoscopic cholecystectomy and ventral hernia repair compared to that of laparoscopic cholecystectomy alone." Surgical endoscopy 27, 1 (2013): 67-73. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Aitchison, S.;Hoopes, C.W.;Roth, J.S. "Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for the treatment of acute pulmonary embolism after ventral hernia repair." The American surgeon 79, 4 (2013): 444-6. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Reynolds, D.;Davenport, D.;Roth, J.S. "Predictors of poor outcomes in functionally dependent patients undergoing ventral hernia repair." Surgical endoscopy 27, 4 (2013): 1099-104. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Todd, H.;Diaz, D.;Roth, J. "Rhabdomyolysis: An unusual complication following endoscopic component separation hernia repair." Journal of surgical case reports 2012, 9 (2012): 18. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Albright, E.L.;Roth, J.S. "Pancreatic lymphangioma." The American surgeon 78, 11 (2012): E476-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Albright, E.L.;Roth, J.S. "Recurrent splenic cyst." The American surgeon 78, 11 (2012): E467-8. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Albright, E.L.;Davenport, D.L.;Roth, J.S. "Preoperative functional health status impacts outcomes after ventral hernia repair." The American surgeon 78, 2 (2012): 230-4. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Giurgius, M.;Bendure, L.;Davenport, D.L.;Roth, J.S. "The endoscopic component separation technique for hernia repair results in reduced morbidity compared to the open component separation technique." Hernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery 16, 1 (2012): 47-51. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Diaz, D.F.;Roth, J.S. "Laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair with acellular dermal matrix cruroplasty." JSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons 15, 3 (2011): 355-60. [PubMed Link] |
  • Albright, E.;Diaz, D.;Davenport, D.;Roth, J.S. "The component separation technique for hernia repair: a comparison of open and endoscopic techniques." The American surgeon 77, 7 (2011): 839-43. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Roth, J.S.;Dexter, D.D.;Lumpkins, K.;Bochicchio, G.V. "Hydrated vs. freeze-dried human acellular dermal matrix for hernia repair: a comparison in a rabbit model." Hernia : the journal of hernias and abdominal wall surgery 13, 2 (2009): 201-7. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Park, A.;Schwartz, R.W.;Witzke, D.B.;Roth, J.S.;Mastrangelo, M.;Birch, D.W.;Jennings, C.D.;Lee, E.Y.;Hoskins, J. "A pilot study of new approaches to teaching anatomy and pathology." Surgical endoscopy 15, 3 (2001): 245-50. [PubMed Link] | [ Full text ]
  • Roth, J.S.;Park, A.E.;Gewirtz, R. "Minilaparoscopically assisted placement of ventriculoperitoneal shunts." Surgical endoscopy 14, 5 (2000): 461-3. [PubMed Link] |